Your web browser is out of date. Update your browser for more security, speed and the best experience on this site.

Update your browser

Science Museum Group Journal

Horlicks employed this technique to test the concentration of ingredients across different samples of their product.

As Shove and Southerton write, ‘The freezers of today promise to help people cope with the compression and fragmentation of time. But in so doing they lock their users into certain practices and habits, at the same time requiring an extensive if routinely invisible supporting infrastructure’ . Over the course of three generations in Europe and the USA, the refrigerator-freezer became an integral part of virtually every home and engendered a significant transformation of eating and food shopping habits. Students will explore how to use good food hygiene and safety practices when getting ready to store, prepare and cook food for safe consumption. In this review, we approach the questions arising from the food processing—nutrition interface in a 3-fold way. Firstly, the paper deals with the functions of food processing and their historical development and impact.

The NOVA classification system appears crude in comparison and its superficiality is misleading. Martinez et al. state “NOVA is the food classification that categorizes foods according to the extent and purpose of processing, rather than in terms of nutrients” . This statement is most confusing to any food scientist because the applied categorization is not based on the extent or purpose of processing.

Cookie Notice

This scheme of work has been developed to teach students where food comes from, how to cook a range of dishes safely and hygienically and to apply their knowledge of healthy eating. Students will develop their knowledge of consumer food and drink choice, enabling them to make informed choices for a healthy diet and lifestyle. This module gives students a multidimensional understanding of the problem solving involved in the industrial development and production of food. The module allows students to apply scientific concepts to an industry scenario, problem solving both quality and safety issues in a food product. Students will apply their understanding of food chemistry and HACCP to improve the physical properties of a food product, and identify critical control points in the production to discuss a HACCP plan. In year 8 the girls continue to develop practical skills and confidence working with a wider range of ingredients and producing more complex dishes.

Staffing Of The Department

The IFST provides a route for professional recognition as a Chartered Scientist for appropriately qualified members. Food technologists are employed by a range of companies and organisations within the food industry across both the public and private sectors. You can enter this profession with a relevant HND, although having an HND alone - without further study or experience - may restrict your career progression. Extensive travel within the working day may be required if you work in retail or for a local authority. Travel may be local, national or international and may involve visiting suppliers' factories for audit or sampling purposes, as well as warehouses and distribution centres.

Work with engineering and production to develop solutions to production issues, while maintaining food safety. Indeed, innovators may seek ways to produce their products in ways that sidestep the need to address consumer perception or regulatory red-tape altogether. For example, cellular agriculture companies might focus on developing culture media and methods to extend the proliferative capacity of cells in culture, rather than directly genetically engineering cells to proliferate more. Crop engineers could may find regulatory environments more favourable for marker-aided selection, gene editing, and ways of increasing natural recombination rates than for transgenic methods.

Company History

You will be supported throughout your studies by our Employability team, who will provide you with specialist support and advice to help you find relevant work experience, internships and industrial placements, as well as graduate positions. You’ll benefit from timetabled employability sessions, support during internships and placements, and presentations and workshops delivered by employers. If you do not have the formal qualifications for immediate entry to one of our degrees, you may be able to progress through a foundation year.

Food Technology & Hospitality

The discussion so far has indicated that a reduced “processing load” can only be achieved by physical and biotechnological techniques. To accomplish the basis of any food product development producing safe food, a variety of physical technologies are available. Table 1 provides an overview of critical non-thermal technologies, including emerging ones that are distinguished by their non-thermal process nature. The table also contains the current status of development with descriptions of advantages and disadvantages in their application. Food Technology is housed in its own fully equipped building on the Lower School site.

This module is designed to equip you with the necessary skills and tools for completing your research project by exploring some approaches to conducting research and describing the research process. In addition, the module provides the opportunity to enhance your self-awareness and personal effectiveness along with developing strategies to facilitate the decision making processes that will enhance your career development. Using international guidance on the application of risk analysis to food, the module examines the separate components of risk analysis and how these have become incorporated into current food control systems. A major element of the module is a problem-based learning task in which groups of students apply risk analysis principles to a current food safety concern. The module provides you with the opportunity to undertake a detailed research project on an individual topic, which is usually linked to the current research activities in the department.

KS3 – students are given practical projects to complete each term, at the end of the unit of work students are given a formal level. Food choice ~ Students will be taught the factors that influence food choice how to apply their knowledge of food choice, when selecting recipes students should explain and justify their reasons for choice. When selecting some recipes students should explain and justify their reasons for choice.

What are the three 3 most important issues in the global food system?

In the 21st century, global food systems face dual challenges of increasing food demand while competing for resources — such as land, water, and energy — that affect food supply.

We will help you to access opportunities across the University and record your key achievements so you are able to articulate them clearly and confidently. There is strong focus on the Thinking skills curriculum as pupils develop skills and independence to prepare them for adult life. This is reflected in links with Horticulture where pupils can collect seasonal produce to use in lessons. Try to gain as much practical experience as possible - apply for summer work as a laboratory technician or on the production line in food companies, and make sure you network and make contacts while on placement.


During this year, we introduce problem-solving activities that relate to actual research/industrial situations. The aim is to teach students a range of cooking skills and food presentation skills that can be used in a variety of dishes in order to produce not just tasty food but also food that is pleasing to the eye. Theory lessons will focus on good hygiene practices and a balanced diet that will equioe them with the knowledge to help them have a healthy diet for the History Of Food Technology rest of their life. Students will also find out about career opportunities within the hospitality industry that accounts for about 9% of Jobs in the UK economy. The second paradigm changes, the PAN concept in its form of “reverse engineering,” is a radical shift from process/technology driven processing. This consumer-oriented approach, developed in the ETP “Food for Life” underwent further development by the newest edition of the European food research vision.

Knowledge of these industries underpins the execution of our curriculum, giving students an advantage over others when the time comes for students to seek employment. The vision of our Food Technology, Hospitality and Catering curriculum is to create independent, sage and confident practical application of culinary skills, underpinned by a thorough understanding of nutrition and food provenance. Students use knowledge and skills from other areas of the curriculum, such as presenting data linked to nutrition and scaling a recipe, confidently communicating using French terminology and researching the history of dishes. Your studies will build on your existing scientific knowledge and cover quality assurance, food chemistry, food analysis, and food processing.

What is the history of food preservation?

Food preservation enabled ancient man to make roots and live in one place and form a community. He no longer had to consume the kill or harvest immediately, but could preserve some for later use. Each culture preserved their local food sources using the same basic methods of food preservation.

We deliver lessons where students plan and design their own foods, e.g. design, name and create a burger/vegetarian option and to understand that there are different types of diets and why people eat the foods that they do. In addition, students learn about garnishes and the importance of presentation of food. To advance your skill set and boost your experience, you can apply to take up an industrial placement or study abroad at one of the many universities we’re in partnership with worldwide. Both of these options will extend your degree by 12 months and take place between the second and third year. Experience expertise teaching delivered by a programme team made up of academics and researchers at the forefront of the industry who specialise in a variety of food science and nutritional disciplines.

Msc Food Technology

Devised by a German chemist in 1861, the jelly puncture test was soon followed by a series of improved jelly strength testers, as they became called. Driven by the practical concerns of the food industry, jelly testing led to a new field in chemistry concerned with investigating the properties of gelatinous substances. The first instrument designed specifically for quality control in food manufacture was, perhaps surprisingly, f&b tech to test the consistency of fruit jelly. The food inside could become contaminated with lead and tin, which acidic foods like fruits can corrode. The first deliberate use of a food additive was likely salt to preserve foods such as fish and meat, which works by dehydrating the food to limit bacterial growth. However, it wasn't until the 19th century that the microbial cause of food spoilage was understood.

You will study food chemistry and physics and develop your laboratory and experimentation skills. In addition, you’ll be introduced to microbiology, human physiology and nutrition; these modules allow you to gain a practical understanding of how food affects health and wellbeing, and appreciate the role of food as a carrier of nutrients. We will also explore how to maintain and improve food quality and safety, and understand how food is utilised and how it interacts with our bodies. You may modify foods to create products such as fat-free items and ready meals and will often work closely with the product development teams to help deliver factory-ready recipes, based on development kitchen samples. Keeping up with ever-changing food production regulations will be an essential part of your job. AB - Aerated foods have accompanied human development since the invention of raised bread in Egypt 6,000 years ago.

Foods is an exciting and creative course which focuses on practical cooking skills to ensure students develop a thorough understanding of nutrition, food provenance and the working characteristics of food materials. It focuses on nurturing students' practical cookery skills and giving them a strong understanding of nutrition. We teach problem-solving and high level thinking at all stages of your degree. We offer skills development modules and modules that will give you insight into food structure, safety and processing. You will also study modules on industrial new product development, from concept to market, in the food production and allied industries. It is common for technology innovators to work on technical solutions first, and leave the marketing pitches for later down the line.

What is food quality control?

Quality Control in the Food Industry– Defect Identification

Quality control (QC) is a set of activities for ensuring quality in products by identifying defects in the actual products produced. It's a reactive process and aims to identify (and correct) defects in finished products.

Discover where our food comes from by visiting our working farm - take taste tours in our 2 acre vegetable gardens, help us look after our farm animals , or cook pizzas on outdoor ovens and discover more about food miles and our carbon footprint. Five fantastic locations in the South East offering fieldwork for all ages to bring the curriculum to life. The choice of day and residential centres include a huge range of excellent urban and rural field sites from Box Hill to Bushy Park. As a result of the student’s extensive subject training we believe out our students have gained the confidence, desire and resilience required to progress to GCSE Food Preparation and Nutrition. Students will evaluate and test their ideas and products and the work of others to promote mastery.

Technology And Change In History, Ancient Food Technology

As history has shown, chemists, government regulation and medical studies are all symbiotically shaping and changing what we eat. There was also a belief that such unsaturated fats were healthier than the saturated fats of animal products like butter. One of the more unusual instruments from Horlicks was a dipping refractometer—first developed in 1899 by the famous optical company Carl Zeiss. The instrument works, as the name suggests, by dipping a viewing telescope into a liquid sample inside each hole to observe how much light has been refracted. Horlicks, the company famous for its malted milk substitute product, donated a selection of its laboratory equipment to the Science Museum, after its factory in Slough closed down in 2018.

  • Each workspace comprises of four electric hobs, an electric fan oven, a sink unit, storage cupboards, a worktop for two pupils to share and an evaluation area situated at the end of the workbench.
  • As part of our commitment to providing excellent support, we’ve created fantastic free teaching resources and can offer great value professional development courses.
  • Once you’ve successfully completed your year abroad, you will be awarded the ‘international’ variant in your degree title which demonstrates your added experience to future employers.
  • In my role as Environment Secretary I will be doing all I can to make sure the industry goes from strength to strength.
  • Plantain is traditionally paired with Saltfish and Ackee, the national dish of Jamaica that is usually served as breakfast or brunch.
  • If you are studying any of these subjects, I’d love to hear your thoughts and opinions on it.

As technology started to improve and more women began to work full-time - frozen foods, ready meals and takeaways began to transform the British diet. Thermal preservation technologies exhibit a fascinating history, beginning with drying and smoking, going back ~6,000 years. The industrial revolution saw pasteurization and sterilization augmenting the scope and power of food preservations in the 19th century. Using cooling, ancient Romans, and Chinese applied ice blocks and snow to preserve delicate foodstuff . Stockfish, salmon and herring trades throughout medieval times depended on drying, smoking, but mostly on salting methods to make large traded quantities transportable .